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Sunday, April 1, 2012

Zakir Naik and his erroneous Views

It would require a complete book to describe the erroneous views (on Islamic Jurisprudence, Fiqh) of Dr.Zakir Naik. People get too caught into personalities in the subcontinent. Zakir has created some guidelines for misleading people, described in Arabic as, "Kalimatu Haqqun yu'raadu bee hal-baatil" (a word of truth [spoken] with the intention of spreading mischief". To understand this let me just present some of Zakir's punch lines:


1. He insists that one should only, "Follow only the Quran and Sahih Hadith" and one would reach the right conclusion.

2. When he disagree's with anyone's position he insists that his position is based on sahih hadith and that the others position is based on "daeef" hadith.

3. He has introduced a new "prophetic seal" called "Authentic". Whatever, Zakir calls authentic is "Authentic". So, when you read books published by "Darus Salaam" they always read, "your source of authentic literature". Zakir Naik has stamped Nasir-ud-deen Albani's research on Hadith as Authentic compared to the research of the four great Imaams.

4. Zakir Naik also portrays to the people that one should only follow the Prophet (sallahu alayhi wa sallam) and not some Imaam.

5. Zakir will insist that "Sufism" is bida'a and that it has no realities. This is the Half-Truth formula. Tell the public only half the story not the complete story. For, example Imaam Ibn Tamiyya and Ibn Qayyim have on one hand condemned the bad Sufee's. This is the one that Zakir Naik propagates, but what he intentionally leaves out is that the same people have praised the good Sufee's and have written volumes describing the differences.


So, please be the judge, as I will be very objective and clear in my approach to dispell the new rulings introduced by Dr.Naik.


1. There is nothing in the Quran or Sahih hadith to substantiate the rule that following the Quran and Sahih hadith is the ONLY right way to achieve guidance and the ONLY way to reach to the correct conclusion. There is no such statement uttered by the beloved messenger of Allah (sallahu alayhi wa sallam). In the court of the Prophet (sallahu alayhi wa sallam) such erroneous and fabricated statements are not only dangerous but will lead one to the fire of hell. So, this is a caution for Dr.Naik.

2. Zakir plays fast and loose with the narrators of Hadith. When it comes to the issue of "Rafayadayn" he will make a certain hadith Sahih but when he disagree on the position of "Ameen" he will disqualify the same "raawiyy (narrator)" that he used when taking a stand on "Rafayadayn".

3/4. After the Three Golden Era (Sahaba, Tabieen & Taba Tabieen) no one is immune from making grave and serious mistakes. No one can authenticate books in our time. The only reason people will take steps to authenticate contemporary literature / translations is because they want to create a blind-following behind themselves. Win peoples trust and leverage this trust to hurt other Muslims under the pretext of following the "Prestine" Islamic way of life. If the messenger of Allah (sallahu alayhi wa sallam) is our Imaam, then why do we all have to put our trust in Imaam Bukhari? Well, the story is told of his integrity and his dream; but who told the story? Did the messenger of Allah (sallahu alayhi wa sallam) authenticate Imaam Bukhari? Well, Zakir will tell the viewers that the dream of the messenger of Allah is true. But can a dream become a law? Since, when did believing in dreams become part of Zakir's Aqeedah? Half-Truth of Zakir Naik can be seen in his video's (on youtube) where he talks about Taraawih. However, he has yet to tell his audience that the word "Tarawih" is nowhere to be found in any Sahih Hadith. Why doesn't he tell us and clarify this matter once and for all?

5. Zakir Naik never tells the people that Allamah Hafiz Ibn Tamiyya wrote in his Fataawa Ibn Tamiyya Al-Kubra volumes titled "Sulook" and "Tasawwuf". Why doesn't he tell the people the historical facts laid out by Ibn Tamiyya who said, "As Sufi huwa fil haqeeqa, nawun minas-siddiqeen. Fa huwa As-Sideeq, al-ladhee iktassa bil zuhaadi wal i'baada" (The Sufi is a reality, and a type from amongst the siddiqeen. The Sideeq are those who maintain Zuhd and Worship (to highest standards)".


May Allah guide us all. Islam is our deen and we have speak the truth.

An answer to Dr. Zakir Naik's answer regarding Schools of thought


Composed by M. Yasin Achhodi


In a question posed to Dr. Zakir Naik regarding which school of thought a Muslim should follow, he answered in the following manipulating manner in which a layman can easily be affected with lack of knowledge. His answer will be quoted first followed by the reply. To read his entire article first, click here.

Dr. Zakir Naik wrote:


1. Muslims should be united


Muslims today, are divided amongst themselves. Such divisions are not endorsed by Islam. Islam believes in fostering unity amongst its followers.


The Glorious Qur’an says:


“And hold fast, altogether, by the rope Which Allah (stretches out for you), and be not divided among yourselves.” [Al-Qur’an 3:103]


Which is the rope of Allah that is being referred to in this verse? It is the Glorious Qur’an. The Glorious Qur’an is the rope of Allah which all Muslims should hold fast together. There is double emphasis in this verse. Beside saying ‘hold fast all together’ it also says, ‘be not divided’.



Taqleed and following of an Imam has not broken unity. In the Haramayn, it is the Muqallideen who read together and coexist peacefully whereas the ones who are strictly against it decide to make their own gatherings, Jamaa’ah and also groups.


My question: who has broken unity? A Muqallid or a person with his own views of Deen?

Dr. Zakir Naik wrote:


The Qur’an further says,


“Obey Allah, and obey the Messenger” [Al-Qur’an 4:59]


All the Muslims should follow the Qur’an and authentic Ahadith and ensure that they are not divided among themselves



Why is the remaining verse of the Holy Qur’aan forgotten?


“O you who believe! Follow Allah; follow the Messenger and those of authority (Amr) amongst you.” (Surah al-Nisaa Verse 59)


Abdullah ibn Abbas (ra) says that in this verse, ‘Amr’ refers to the jurists. This explanation is narrated from Mu’aawiyah ibn Salah from Ali ibn Talhah which is a sound chain, Al-Itqaan)


The verse continues, “And if you dispute, then refer to Allah and the Messenger if you really do believe in Allah and in the last day. (Surah al-Nisaa Verse 59)


Allah’s statement subsequently “if you dispute…” proves that those of Amr are indeed jurists because He has ordered everyone else to follow them and then proceed to say that “if you dispute..” Hence Allah has ordered those of Amr to refer the disputed issue to the Book of Allah the traditions of the Prophet. The lay person would be unaware of how to refer the disputed issue to the Book of Allah and to the Sunnah and how their proofs would apply to the situations and events. Thus, it is established that the second command, is for the scholars. (Ahkaamul Qur’aan, vol 2, pg 257)


My question: Why state quarter of the verse as proof for not following scholars when the remainder of the verse denies your claim?

Dr. Zakir Naik wrote:


2. It is prohibited to make divisions in Islam.


The Glorious Qur’an says:


“As for those who divide Their religion and break up Into sects, you have no part in them in the least: Their affair is with Allah: He will in the end tell them the truth of all that they did.” [Al-Qur’an 6:159]


In this verse Allah (swt) says that one should disassociate oneself from those who divide their religion and break it up into sects.


But when one asks a Muslim, “who are you?” the common answer is either ‘I am a Hanafi or Shafi or Maliki or Hanbali. Some call themselves ‘Ahle-Hadith’.



When a non-Muslim asks, “who are you?” the common answer is “I am a Muslim”

When a Muslim asks, “who are you?” the common answer is, “son of so n so” or “I am a Gujrati/Pakistani/Malaysian” etc. Does this mean that to be a Pakistani is being guilty of the people mentioned in this verse?


I, till today, have not heard “I am a Hanafi” or “Shaafi’ee” being the answer to “who are you?”


Furthermore, Taqleed has not created divisions. This is grave misconception. Ahlus Sunaah Wal Jamaa’ah are proud to follow the Sahaabah. The Islam of the Sahabaah was the complete Islam. They saw Nabi (s) and they saw the Qur’aan in him. The understandings of the Sahaabah is our understanding.


There were differences of opinion in the Sahaabah too. Ibn Abbas (ra) narrates that ‘Umar ibn Khattab gave a sermon at Jabiyah and said, “O people! If you want to know about the Qur’aan, go to ‘Ubaid ibn Ka’b. If you want to know about inheritance, go to Zaid ib Thaabit. If you want to about Fiqh, go to Mu’aadh ibn Jabal. If you want to know about wealth, then come to me for Allah has made me a guardian and a distributor. “ (Tabarani)


We hear it all the time, “oh you follow them, but we follow Qur’aan & Sunnah.” Those who claim to follow the Qur’aan & Sunnah as understood by themselves, please take a moment to observe the following.


Salim ibn Abdullah narrates that Abdullah ibn ‘Umar was asked about a person who owed another person some money and had to pay the load at a fixed time. The creditor then agrees to forgive a portion of the load if the debtor pays before the deadline. Ibn ‘Umar disliked this agreement and forbade it. (Muwatta Imam Malik)


There is no explicit Hadith of the Prophet which has been offered as proof nor was any proof sought from Ibn ‘Umar (ra). It is evident that this ruling was a personal judgement of Ibn ‘Umar.


Abdur Rahmaan narrated that he asked Ibn Sireen about entering public baths. Ibn Sireen said that ‘Umar used to dislike the idea. (Mataalibul ‘Aaliyah by Hafiz Ibn Hajar)


Ibn Sireen, who was one of the most learned followers of the Companions, did not mention any proof except to say that ‘Umar used to dislike the idea.


This is despite the fact that there are several Ahadeeth regarding the issue of public baths.


There are plenty more examples available. Now my question: Who is causing the division? The one who follows a jurist like the Sahaabah and those who followed them did? Or the ones who are breaking all bonds and ties from the people of authority, the people of knowledge and telling everyone not to follow those of authority and to follow only Qur’aan & Sunnah no matter how you understand it? Who is this verse more likely to refer to?

Dr. Zakir Naik wrote:


3. Four Schools of Thoughts


The Islamic world has produced several learned Islamic scholars (Imams), but out of these, four became more famous and their teachings spread in different parts of the world.


It is a misconception that a Muslim should follow any one of these four schools of thoughts i.e. Hanafi, Shafi, Hanbali or Maliki. There is no proof whatsoever in the Qur’an or any authentic Hadith that a Muslim should only follow one of these four Imams.



‘Umar Ibn Khattab (ra)’s sermon at Jabiyah in which mentioned who to go to for which subjects is also not mentioned in the Qur’aan. It is very easy to say “it is a misconception,” maybe if the conception was mentioned, the misconception would not remain. To avoid the possibility of contradictions amongst the scholars of differing Ijtihad over a primary source, the laity were encouraged to follow only one Madhhab and Mujtahideen instead of referring to several. This idea gained domination during the 3rd and 4th century AH. One of the most important reasons for this was that a person can not take the judgement which suits his desires best. According to some jurists for example, Talaaq (divorce) takes place whereas according to some, it doesn’t. Most people will no doubt follow the jurist which suits their desire best.


Following desires to the extent that they believe Halaal to be Haraam and Haraam to Halaal is disastrous. Disobedience of this nature is fatal and makes religion and law mere shame. For this reason, the acceptance of following only one Madhhab has successfully continued for around 11 centuries in the majority of Muslims. Furthermore to proudly state its acceptance in the eyes of Allah that it is the scholars of Ahlus Sunnah Wal Jamaa’ah, those who do follow the Qur’aan, those who do follow the Sunnah, those who do follow the two as understood by the Sahaabah and those who do follow an Imam are those who Allah has accepted to lead prayers in the Haramayn Shareefayn.


My question: Is Qur’aan & Sunnah your only source of making judgements? If yes, why did the Sahaabah not ask for proof from Qur’aan & Sunnah? Why did some Sahaabah refer to other Sahaabah for rulings? Were they not learned enough?

Dr. Zakir Naik wrote:


4. Respect all the Great Scholars of Islam.


We must respect all the great scholars of Islam, including the four Imaams, Imam Abu Hanifa, Imam Shafi, Imam Hanbal and Imam Malik (may Allah be pleased with them all). They were great scholars and may Allah reward them for their research and hard work. One can have no objection if someone agrees with the view and research of any one or more from these four great scholars of Islam.



Again, please refer to following rulings which suit the desires under number 3. I see no other reason why one would object to their ruling.

Dr. Zakir Naik wrote:


5. All Four Imam said follow the Qur’an and Sunnah.


All the four great Imams said that if any of their Fatwas or teachings contradict Allah’s word, i.e. the Qur’an, or the sayings of the Prophet (pbuh) i.e. authentic Hadith, then that particulars Fatwa of theirs should be rejected, and the Sunnah of the Prophet should be followed.


To give you an example in this context – Imam shafi said that when a women touches a man who is in a state of wudhu, the wudhu of the man breaks. However, this ruling of Imam Shafi contradicts the authentic saying of the Prophet.


Narrated Aisha

The Prophet (may peace be upon him) kissed one of his wives and went out for saying prayer. He did not perform ablution. (Sunan Abu Dawood Vol. 1 Chapter No. 70 Hadith No. 179)


Thus this particular teaching of Imam Shafi contradicts the authentic saying of the Prophet. So I reject this specific ruling of Imam Shafi who himself said , “ If I say something, then compare it to the Book of Allah and the Sunnah of His messenger and if it agrees to them, then accept it and that which goes against them, then reject it and throw my saying against the wall” – This is a saying of ash-Shafi’ee-rahimaullah. See Al-Majmoo’ of an-Nawawee (1/63).


Thus by rejecting this particular teaching of Imam Shafi which contradicts the authentic Hadith, I am practically a better follower of Imam Shafi than those who call themselves ‘Shafi’.



The response to this is; This is the opinion of Ibn 'Umar and some other Sahabah. However, when the Sahabah disagree in a matter, their statements are not a proof unless proof is brought from the Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad (s). As we stated before, Ibn 'Abbas and the reports from 'Aa'ishah contradict the opinion of Ibn 'Umar and those with their opinion. Thus, the opinion of Ibn Umar is not accepted unless supported with proof from the mouth of the beloved Messenger Muhammad (s). This topic itself is a lengthy topic in which one can not lightly accuse Imaam Shafi’ee (Rahimahullah) of going against a Hadeeth.


Furthermore, everyone learning Ahadeeth and extracting rulings from them in the light of Qur’aan is unreal and somewhat impossible. Not many if not all have the ability to do so. Therefore, to say one can follow a different ruling if they find a Hadeeth which contradicts it, is absurd for a common person.


Bearing in mind, does a common person have enough knowledge to know that there is no other stronger Hadeeth that this ruling? Does the layman have enough knowledge to understand why Imam Shafi’ee uses that Hadeeth as Hujjah and Imam Abu Hanifah uses this?

Dr. Zakir Naik wrote:


Similarly in practice, I claim to be a better follower of Imam Abu Hanifa than those who call themselves ‘Hanafi’. I claim to be a better follower of Imam Hanbal than those who call themselves ‘Hanbali’. I claim to be a better follower of Imam Malik than those who call themselves ‘Maliki”. If being a ‘Ahle-Hadith’ means following Qur’an and authentic Hadith then I claim to be a better follower of the Qur’an and authentic Hadith than those who call themselves ‘ Ahle-Hadith’. All these are mere labels (Hanafi, Shafi, Hanbali, Maliki, Ahle-Hadith) that are not endorsed by the Qur’an or the Sahih Ahadith.


The only label or title given by the Qur’an and the Sahih Ahadith is MUSLIM.



Very easy to fall for this last statement, yet the solution and answer is even easier. A Muslim is a person who believes in one Allah and believes in Muhammad (s) as the final Messenger. A Hanafi, Shafi’ee, Hanbali, Maliki does not come contradictory to MUSLIM. As the meaning of Hanafi is not the opposite of what makes a person MUSLIM. Being a Hanafi does not take the Shahaadah away from a MUSLIM. In fact, the following (Number 6) helps.

Dr. Zakir Naik wrote:


6. All the Groups have sub divisions


I personally have no objection if someone calls himself Hanafi, Shafi, Hanbali, Maliki or Ahle Hadith. People give different labels to themselves to identify which set of teachings they prefer to follow and to disassociate themselves from those people who follow wrong practices. From history we come to know that all the labels given to different groups, at a later stage the people from that group themselves did not follow their teachings and made new sub-groups. Therefore in all the groups you find a sub-division.


But as far as giving a label to identify what a person practices in Islam is concerned, there can not be better label than what Allah (swt) has given i.e. a Muslim.



We have never labelled ourselves as an entirety ‘Hanafi’ or ‘Shafi’ee’. But to use it to deny Taqleed is using false logic and inaccurate claims. Every title or label has its position. If a person says, “I am a MAN”, does this change the fact that he is a Human? The Qur’aan and Hadeeth says we are ‘son of Adam’, does this mean we can’t say we are son of our blood father? When one can claim that this logic is out of context, then how can saying, ‘I am a Hanafi’ hence not MUSLIM as the Qur’aan labels us be true logic?

Dr. Zakir Naik wrote:


7. Our Prophet was a Muslim


“Who was our beloved Prophet (pbuh)? Was he a Hanafi or a Shafi, or a Hanbali or a Maliki ?” No! He was a Muslim, like all the other Prophets and Messengers of Allah before him.



This is enough to show the desperateness of trying to deny Taqleed. Was Imam Abu Hanifah , Imam Shafi’ee, Imam Ahmad or Imam Malik before our Prophet (s)? A Muslim is a person of Islam. Unless Hanafi, Shafi’ee, Hanbali or Maliki is a religion, one can not use the above to clarify anything which is trying to be proven. The entire context is off track.

Dr. Zakir Naik wrote:


It is mentioned in chapter 3 verse 52 of Al-Qur’an that Jesus (pbuh) was a Muslim.


Further , in chapter 3 verse 67, Al-Qur’an says that Ibrahim (pbuh) was not a Jew or a Christian but was a Muslim.



To clarify my above point, I use this quote of Doctor Zakir Naik. Here he has put a MUSLIM in oppose to Christian or Jew. Christianity and Judaism are religions, so this can be used to prove Jesus was a Muslim. Hanafi or Shafi’ee etc is not a religion, it is mere ignorance to use this out of such context.


InshaAllah I will not have to use any more Qur’aan, Hadeeth, Logic or doctor Zakirs own statements to answer the following as InshaAllah one will be able to understand his lack of awareness by reading his following proofs.

Dr. Zakir Naik wrote:


8. Qur’an says call yourselves Muslims


There is no Qur’anic verse or any authentic Hadith that says you should call yourselves Hanafi, Shafi, Hanbali, Maliki or Ahle Hadith.


If anyone poses a Muslim the question who are you, he should say “I am a Muslim, not a Hanafi or a Shafi or a Ahle-Hadith”.


In Surah Fussilat chapter 41 verse 33 Allah (swt) says: “Who is better in speech than one who calls (men) to Allah, works righteousness, and says, ‘I am of those Who bow in Islam (Muslim)?’ “[Al-Qur’an 41:33]


The Qur’an instructs, “Say: I am of those who bow in Islam”. In other words, say, “I am a Muslim”.


The Prophet (pbuh) dictated letters to non-Muslim kings and rulers inviting them to accept Islam. In these letters he mentioned the verse of the Qur’an from Surah Al Imran chapter 3 verse 64:


Say ye: “Bear witness that we (at least) are Muslims (submitting to Allah’s Will).”[Al-Qur’an 3:64]


9. Lip Service Muslims


Allah knew that even in the Muslim Ummah there will be many people who claim to be Muslims (i.e. claim to submit their will to Allah) but practically will not follow Allah’s commands.


Allah refers to such people in the Qur’an as lip service Believers (Al Qur’an 5:41). Thus we can conclude that those who claim to be Muslims but do not follow Qur’an and Sunnah are Lip-Service Muslims. Those who follow the Qur’an and authentic Hadith should not change their label, and stick to the best label given by Allah (swt) i.e. Muslim and which the Prophet also called himself.



This verse is being used once again against the Muqallideen. This time, the Muqallideen are said to not be following the Qur’aan & Sunnah.


Imagine giving a person the Qur’aan, the Ahadeeth and then saying, live your life according to these rulings. Will that person be able to understand what the Qur’aan means by Quroo’ in the verse where Allah says, “And those women who are divorced should wait for three Quroo’”?


And what type of (Mukhaabarah) will he know or understand in the Hadeeth where Nabi (s) said, “Whoever does not stop the practice of Mukhaabarah should hear the proclamation of war (against him).”? (Mukhaabarah is a certain type of farming. There were several forms of Mukhaabarah practiced) The Hadeeth is fairly general, how would a lay person distinguish between the permitted ones and the forbidden one?


Then there’s one Hadeeth which says, “Whoever has an Imaam, then the Imaam’s recitation is his recitation.” On the other hand, another Hadeeth says, “There is no Salaah for he who does not recite the Faatihah.” How would a common person which Qur’aan and Hadeeth be able to choose which Hadeeth to follow, or what is the middle route, or does it refer to something else, or was the Hadeeth for a particular event only? Obviously one is will have to turn to a learned jurist who has mastered himself in these issues and whom Allah (swt) has blessed unrecognizable wisdom. So when the person asks this jurist/imam, is he now following the Imaam or Qur’aan and Sunnah?


Obviously he is following the Qur’aan and Sunnah as passed on by these scholars as they compiled rulings. And it is common sense that if a person tries to follow all the Madhaahib then he will lead to following the rulings which suit him best.


My question is, who is following a more reliable and sound meaning of the Qur’aan and Sunnah and who is taking literal and incomplete perceptions of the Qur’aan and Sunnah. The obvious answer would be the one who chooses to follow a Madhhab is safer from making his own meaning of Deen whereas following a Madhhab is actually following a sound understanding of Qur’aan and Hadeeth.

Dr. Zakir Naik wrote:


10. The Prophet had said that there would be 73 sects.


Some may argue by quoting the Hadith of our beloved Prophet, from Sunan Abu Dawood Hadith No. 4579. In this Hadith the Prophet (pbuh) is reported to have said, “My community will split up into seventy-three sects.”


This hadith reports that the prophet predicted the emergence of seventy-three sects. He did not say that Muslims should be active in dividing themselves into sects. The Glorious Qur’an commands us not to create sects. Those who follow the teachings of the Qur’an and Sahih Hadith, and do not create sects are the people who are on the true path.


According to Tirmidhi Hadith No. 171, the prophet (pbuh) is reported to have said, “My Ummah will be fragmented into seventy three sects, and all of them will be in Hell fire except one sect.” The companions asked Allah’s messenger which group that would be. Where upon he replied, “It is the one to which I and my companions belong”.



The answer of Nabi (s) is so strong and true in its wisdom. He did not say, “It is the one who follows Qur’aan & Sunnah.” He said, “It is the one to which I and my companions belong.” Note, the Sahaabah are mentioned. The Sahaabah passed on the true Islam to the Tabi’een. When the Tabi’een followed the Islam of the Sahaabah, they are included in that sect. Now will you say that the Tabi’een aren’t because they followed the Sahaabah and not the Qur’aan and Sunnah? The Tabi’een turned to certain Sahaabah and similarly the Tab’ Tabi’een turned to certain Tabi’een for certain issues. Why did they not look directly into Qur’aan and Hadeeth?


A Madhhab is a compilation of rulings, an understanding of Fiqh related issues. The Islaam we follow is the Islaam of the Sahaabah. Do we have a better understanding of Hadeeth and Qur’aan than these great scholars? If one does, they can feel free to be a Mujtahid and have their own Fiqh. As for those who follow a Madhhab, they are following the Islaam of the Sahaabah.

Dr. Zakir Naik wrote:


The Glorious Qur’an mentions in several verses, “Obey Allah and obey His Messenger”. A true Muslim should only follow the Glorious Qur’an and the Sahih Hadith. He can agree with the views of any scholar as long as they conform to the teachings of the Qur’an and Sahih Hadith. If such views go against the Word of Allah, or the Sunnah of His Prophet, then they carry no weight, regardless of how learned the scholar might be. A true Muslim will not follow any ruling or teaching of any great scholar of Islam if that particular ruling or teaching contradicts the Qur’an and Saheeh Hadith.


Thus, the only school of thought that a Muslim should follow, is that of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh). The only Madhab that a Muslim should follow, is the Madhab of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh). And Allah knows the Best.



By saying the only school of thought you should follow is Prophet Muhammad, you have clearly showed that you do not understand the meaning of “school of thought.” A school of thought is a doctrine, The point of view held by a particular group (dictionary) a set of ideas or opinions which a group of people share about a matter (Cambridge).


The Islaam of Nabi (s) was not a ‘point of view.’ It was the true Islaam in its state. When the narrations varied after the Sahaabah, that is when the need for school of thoughts emerged. That is when a strong opinion was required. A common person can not conclude the Deen with his own understandings.

[END OF ARTICLE AND ANSWERS]

The following questions were posed very nicely upon the above reply:


Questioner wrote:


Brother mash'Allah nice points. I'm guessing that you beleive in madhabs and that we should follow them?let me ask you on what basis?Does following a madhab go against the teachings of Rasulullah?Brother if you have a problem with the statement made by our honorable Zakir Naik then oh well.Till now brother mash'Allah nice points,but what you said is the same exact thing people say to approve of madhabs.Why is this?


Reply:


Questioner wrote:


I'm guessing that you beleive in madhabs and that we should follow them?let me ask you on what basis?



On the basis that the Muslims of early years were more knowledgable, more pious and less affected by Shaytaan than us. If you have the ability to extract rulings from Qur'aan in the light of Ahadeeth so it does not contradict other Ahadeeth being aware of the chains of narrations making sure that when you take one Hadeeth for the ruling, the other Hadeeth is not rejected and a valid reason is available, if you are able to distinguish between different terms used for the same ruling or the same word used in different context for multiple rulings, if you are able to distinguish between a weak chain and a sound chain of narrations, if you are able to distinguish between rulings which were permitted for a certain period of time, if you are able to do all this and more then by all means, Taqleed is not for you.


Now ask yourself, are we capable of even 1% that they spent their entire lives on? If everyone becomes this, what will happen to Muslims? The entire Muslim world will differ in rulings and the entire Muslim population will be stuck in books their entire lives.


Now you tell me, on what basis should we not follow a Madhhab and on what basis should we reject what has been a successful way of life from the time of Sahaabah. Like i said above in reply to Dr Zakir Naik, even the Sahaabah (ra) followed other Sahaabah in Fiqh matters and did not look into Qur'aan & Hadeeth as the Sahaabah they followed in the matter knew the ruling better than them. They did not ask for proof in differences of opinions like we do.

Questioner wrote:


Does following a madhab go against the teachings of Rasulullah?



Following a Madhhab is securing oneself to following a steadfast Fiqh instead of a purpose driven misunderstood perception of what a person makes of Ayaat and Ahaadeeth.

Questioner wrote:


Brother if you have a problem with the statement made by our honorable Zakir Naik then oh well.



Ironic that you used the word honorable. In your honor for him, you have forgotten that he dishonored all the verses I mentioned, the Ahadeeth and events of the Sahaabah i mentioned above and also the ways of the Muslims since the 3rd century AH. I'm afraid he lost all his honor upon this one article. This doesn't change the fact the he speaks very good intellectual things. But once he talks about 'Aqaaid or Taqleed, I can't but help feel sorry for him as do many scholars and highly respected and learned Ulamaa-e-Kiraam.

Questioner wrote:


Till now brother mash'Allah nice points,but what you said is the same exact thing people say to approve of madhabs.Why is this?



What I said is not to approve Madhhabs, to approve Madhhabs, there are much stronger and evident literature available. What I said was a simple answer to everything Dr Zakir Naik has said. Any person attacking Taqleed with Qur'aan and Hadeeth can be answered with their own statements because all their statements are incomplete and very easy to be blinded to a simple minded person.


"The Legal Status of Following a Madhab" by Chief Justice Mufti Muhammad Taqi Usmani is a book i recommend. If any, read this inshaAllah at the least. If you still do not agree then Innallaha Yahdee Man-Yashaau Wa Yudhillu Man-Yashaa.


And Allah knows best.The article itself

The following is his entire article article. One can easily notice how he manipulates the mind in thinking that Taqleed holds no value.

1. Muslims should be united


Muslims today, are divided amongst themselves. Such divisions are not endorsed by Islam. Islam believes in fostering unity amongst its followers.


The Glorious Qur’an says:


“And hold fast, altogether, by the rope Which Allah (stretches out for you), and be not divided among yourselves.” [Al-Qur’an 3:103]


Which is the rope of Allah that is being referred to in this verse? It is the Glorious Qur’an. The Glorious Qur’an is the rope of Allah which all Muslims should hold fast together. There is double emphasis in this verse. Beside saying ‘hold fast all together’ it also says, ‘be not divided’.


The Qur’an further says,


“Obey Allah, and obey the Messenger” [Al-Qur’an 4:59]


All the Muslims should follow the Qur’an and authentic Ahadith and ensure that they are not divided among themselves


2. It is prohibited to make divisions in Islam.


The Glorious Qur’an says:


“As for those who divide Their religion and break up Into sects, you have no part in them in the least: Their affair is with Allah: He will in the end tell them the truth of all that they did.” [Al-Qur’an 6:159]


In this verse Allah (swt) says that one should disassociate oneself from those who divide their religion and break it up into sects.


But when one asks a Muslim, “who are you?” the common answer is either ‘I am a Hanafi or Shafi or Maliki or Hanbali. Some call themselves ‘Ahle-Hadith’.


3. Four Schools of Thoughts


The Islamic world has produced several learned Islamic scholars (Imams), but out of these, four became more famous and their teachings spread in different parts of the world.


It is a misconception that a Muslim should follow any one of these four schools of thoughts i.e. Hanafi, Shafi, Hanbali or Maliki. There is no proof whatsoever in the Qur’an or any authentic Hadith that a Muslim should only follow one of these four Imams.


4. Respect all the Great Scholars of Islam.


We must respect all the great scholars of Islam, including the four Imaams, Imam Abu Hanifa, Imam Shafi, Imam Hanbal and Imam Malik (may Allah be pleased with them all). They were great scholars and may Allah reward them for their research and hard work. One can have no objection if someone agrees with the view and research of any one or more from these four great scholars of Islam.


5. All Four Imam said follow the Qur’an and Sunnah.


All the four great Imams said that if any of their Fatwas or teachings contradict Allah’s word, i.e. the Qur’an, or the sayings of the Prophet (pbuh) i.e. authentic Hadith, then that particulars Fatwa of theirs should be rejected, and the Sunnah of the Prophet should be followed.


To give you an example in this context – Imam shafi said that when a women touches a man who is in a state of wudhu, the wudhu of the man breaks. However, this ruling of Imam Shafi contradicts the authentic saying of the Prophet.


Narrated Aisha

The Prophet (may peace be upon him) kissed one of his wives and went out for saying prayer. He did not perform ablution. (Sunan Abu Dawood Vol. 1 Chapter No. 70 Hadith No. 179)


Thus this particular teaching of Imam Shafi contradicts the authentic saying of the Prophet. So I reject this specific ruling of Imam Shafi who himself said , “ If I say something, then compare it to the Book of Allah and the Sunnah of His messenger and if it agrees to them, then accept it and that which goes against them, then reject it and throw my saying against the wall” – This is a saying of ash-Shafi’ee-rahimaullah. See Al-Majmoo’ of an-Nawawee (1/63).


Thus by rejecting this particular teaching of Imam Shafi which contradicts the authentic Hadith, I am practically a better follower of Imam Shafi than those who call themselves ‘Shafi’.


Similarly in practice, I claim to be a better follower of Imam Abu Hanifa than those who call themselves ‘Hanafi’. I claim to be a better follower of Imam Hanbal than those who call themselves ‘Hanbali’. I claim to be a better follower of Imam Malik than those who call themselves ‘Maliki”. If being a ‘Ahle-Hadith’ means following Qur’an and authentic Hadith then I claim to be a better follower of the Qur’an and authentic Hadith than those who call themselves ‘ Ahle-Hadith’. All these are mere labels (Hanafi, Shafi, Hanbali, Maliki, Ahle-Hadith) that are not endorsed by the Qur’an or the Sahih Ahadith.


The only label or title given by the Qur’an and the Sahih Ahadith is MUSLIM.


6. All the Groups have sub divisions


I personally have no objection if someone calls himself Hanafi, Shafi, Hanbali, Maliki or Ahle Hadith. People give different labels to themselves to identify which set of teachings they prefer to follow and to disassociate themselves from those people who follow wrong practices. From history we come to know that all the labels given to different groups, at a later stage the people from that group themselves did not follow their teachings and made new sub-groups. Therefore in all the groups you find a sub-division.


But as far as giving a label to identify what a person practices in Islam is concerned, there can not be better label than what Allah (swt) has given i.e. a Muslim.


7. Our Prophet was a Muslim


“Who was our beloved Prophet (pbuh)? Was he a Hanafi or a Shafi, or a Hanbali or a Maliki ?” No! He was a Muslim, like all the other Prophets and Messengers of Allah before him.


It is mentioned in chapter 3 verse 52 of Al-Qur’an that Jesus (pbuh) was a Muslim.


Further , in chapter 3 verse 67, Al-Qur’an says that Ibrahim (pbuh) was not a Jew or a Christian but was a Muslim.


It is mentioned in chapter 3 verse 52 of Al-Qur’an that Jesus (pbuh) was a Muslim.


Further , in chapter 3 verse 67, Al-Qur’an says that Ibrahim (pbuh) was not a Jew or a Christian but was a Muslim.


8. Qur’an says call yourselves Muslims


There is no Qur’anic verse or any authentic Hadith that says you should call yourselves Hanafi, Shafi, Hanbali, Maliki or Ahle Hadith.


If anyone poses a Muslim the question who are you, he should say “I am a Muslim, not a Hanafi or a Shafi or a Ahle-Hadith”.


In Surah Fussilat chapter 41 verse 33 Allah (swt) says: “Who is better in speech than one who calls (men) to Allah, works righteousness, and says, ‘I am of those Who bow in Islam (Muslim)?’ “[Al-Qur’an 41:33]


The Qur’an instructs, “Say: I am of those who bow in Islam”. In other words, say, “I am a Muslim”.


The Prophet (pbuh) dictated letters to non-Muslim kings and rulers inviting them to accept Islam. In these letters he mentioned the verse of the Qur’an from Surah Al Imran chapter 3 verse 64:


Say ye: “Bear witness that we (at least) are Muslims (submitting to Allah’s Will).”[Al-Qur’an 3:64]


9. Lip Service Muslims


Allah knew that even in the Muslim Ummah there will be many people who claim to be Muslims (i.e. claim to submit their will to Allah) but practically will not follow Allah’s commands.


Allah refers to such people in the Qur’an as lip service Believers (Al Qur’an 5:41). Thus we can conclude that those who claim to be Muslims but do not follow Qur’an and Sunnah are Lip-Service Muslims. Those who follow the Qur’an and authentic Hadith should not change their label, and stick to the best label given by Allah (swt) i.e. Muslim and which the Prophet also called himself.


10. The Prophet had said that there would be 73 sects.


Some may argue by quoting the Hadith of our beloved Prophet, from Sunan Abu Dawood Hadith No. 4579. In this Hadith the Prophet (pbuh) is reported to have said, “My community will split up into seventy-three sects.”


This hadith reports that the prophet predicted the emergence of seventy-three sects. He did not say that Muslims should be active in dividing themselves into sects. The Glorious Qur’an commands us not to create sects. Those who follow the teachings of the Qur’an and Sahih Hadith, and do not create sects are the people who are on the true path.


According to Tirmidhi Hadith No. 171, the prophet (pbuh) is reported to have said, “My Ummah will be fragmented into seventy three sects, and all of them will be in Hell fire except one sect.” The companions asked Allah’s messenger which group that would be. Where upon he replied, “It is the one to which I and my companions belong”.


The Glorious Qur’an mentions in several verses, “Obey Allah and obey His Messenger”. A true Muslim should only follow the Glorious Qur’an and the Sahih Hadith. He can agree with the views of any scholar as long as they conform to the teachings of the Qur’an and Sahih Hadith. If such views go against the Word of Allah, or the Sunnah of His Prophet, then they carry no weight, regardless of how learned the scholar might be. A true Muslim will not follow any ruling or teaching of any great scholar of Islam if that particular ruling or teaching contradicts the Qur’an and Saheeh Hadith.


Thus, the only school of thought that a Muslim should follow, is that of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh). The only Madhab that a Muslim should follow, is the Madhab of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh). And Allah knows the Best.



Zakir Naik, Salafi's and Prayers



People always send me emails and queries wondering why I continue to write about Dr.Naik; knowing well that he has so many great contributions - especially in the field of comparative religion. What most Muslims fail to understand that comparative religion is a specialized branch of Islam and Jurisprudence is another specialized branch in Islam. A medical doctor is not expected to build the next tallest building in the world! So, this criticism is based on Dr.Naik's weakness in the area of Jurisprudence.

Take for example, the video above: Dr.Zakir is quoting Sunan Abu Dawood Volume 1, Book of Salaah Chapter 271, Hadith No.755. This is what he is saying, "...there is a hadith in Abu Dawood, if you read....which says that the prophet kept his hands below the navel when he offered his salaah, BUT this is a Daeef (weak) hadith."

Dr. Naik Continues further, "Immediately, the next sahih hadith says that the prophet kept his hands above the navel. There are other Sahih Hadeeth, like in Sahih ibn Khuzaima that the prophet kept his hands on the chest":





Dr. Naik now draws his conclusion as follows:

"When there are Sahih Hadith saying that the prophet kept his hands (not clear if Zakir is saying hand or arm) on his chest, so the hadith of below the navel is weak. Thus, the right way to offer salaat is to keep the hands on the chest." This research is based on the Works of Nasirudeen Albani's book "Sifah Salatu Nabi".


The problem is that Dr.Naik (and Albani) contradicts himself by saying that there is a Sahih Hadith that the messenger of Allah (sallahu alayhi wa sallam) prayed with his hands above the navel. If that is the case, then there are two methods of placing the hands, that is, one above the navel and the one as suggested viz "on the chest".


Examining Zakir (and Albani's) Claim:

Here are the Narrators of Ibn Khuzaimah:


1. Mumil lbn Ismail

2. Sufyaan

3. A'asim

4. Kulaib

5. Wail (radhi allahu anhu)


Please note that if any of the above listed narrators appear in a chain of a Hadith; Albani, the Ahle-Hadith, Salafi's and all those who follow the literalist school of thought outright brand that particular hadith as daeef (weak). In the narration of Ibn Khuzaimah (quoted by Dr.Naik) all four unacceptable narrators appear in that hadith back-to-back. This is the Mother-Lode of DAEEF - according to Albani's criteria. Yet Albani and Zakir have now conveniently hidden this fact from the readers. When Albani and Zakir see that a hadith fits the purpose of their thoughts they brand it Sahih eventhough there exists a weak narrator. In Ibn Khuzaimah's narration Mu'mil ibn Ismail is extremely weak.


In fact, what Zakir Naik needs to tell his audience is how did Imaam Bukhari perform his Salaat, and where did Imaam Bukhari place his hands? Why did such a great Muhadith like Imaam Bukhari not quote a hadith in his Sahih? So, should we be ranting and raving like Dr.Naik that the Sahih Hadith of where the hands should be placed during salaat did not reach Imaam Bukhari? The Arabic words "Ala'a Sadr" (on the chest) are not to be found in Imaam Bukhari's and Muslim's Sahih!


Zakir Naik in light of India's History

It is amazing how people have such a short memory of the historical facts that have led to the success of Dr.Zakir Naik. The subcontinent -India and Pakistan - has produced some of the most remarkable Muslim scholars that have left an indelible mark on Islamic History. For example, Pakistan - having the second largest population of Muslims in the world - stands at a very critical juncture as war in the region unfolds in front of our eyes. However, the war waging in Pakistan dates back to pre-partition; when Pakistan was actually India. A time when the British had waged an ideological war against the Muslims of India. The colonialists launched a deceptive campaign, using Christian Evengalists, to create confusion in the hearts of Indian Muslims. Before Zakir Naik was even born, Maulana Rahmatullah Kairanvi, a Hanafi scholar educated in the "Darse-Nizami" curriculum came to the forefront of rescuing the faith of the Muslims in India. Sheikh Kairanvi was a contemporary of the great Maulana Imadadullah Muhajir Makki (rahmatullahi alayhi). In fact, both will later migrate to Mecca when the the British stepped up their "Lal-Masjid" type mission of slaugtering the Muslim scholars. Maulana Kairanvi (rah) wrote his magnum opus, "Izhar-ul-Haq" in 1864 becoming the most authoritative work on the Christian Bible:


"This book, internationally recognized as one of the most authoritative and objective studies of the Bible, was originally written in Arabic under the title Izharul-Haq (Truth Revealed) by the distinguished 19th century Indian scholar, Rahmatullah Kairanvi, and appeared in 1864. The book was subsequently translated into Urdu, and then from Urdu into English by Mohammad Wali Raazi. Rahmatullah Kairanvi wrote the book in response to the Christian offensive against Islam during the British rule in India, and specifically to counter the subversive attack made by the Rev. C. C. P. Fonder. Rev. Fonder had written a book in Urdu entitled Meezanul Haq, the open intention of which was to create doubts into the minds of the Muslims about the authenticity of the Qur’an and Islam. Sheikh Kairanvi’s intention in his book was first of all to show that the Bible cannot in any way be considered as a directly revealed book. He does this very effectively by means of his voluminous and authoritative knowledge of the Jewish and

Christian scriptures. He demonstrates beyond doubt that the Books of the Old and New Testaments have been altered, almost beyond recognition, from their original forms. The work is even more notable in the light of subsequent Jewish and Christian scholarship and the various discoveries that have since been made in this field which all bear out the truth of Sheikh Kairanvi’s thesis."


Let us wind past the events of Maulana Kairanvi to the time when all went quite, history quitely folded its events with the passage of time; until another Muslim Scholar was born. Sheikh Ahmed Deedat was born in India, but later migrated to South Africa. Turn of events would lead Ahmed Deedat (rahtullahi alayhi) to the discovery of a historical event that would turn the tides on Christian Missionaries; the book "Izhar-ul-Haq". The profound nature of the book would pave the path for Sheikh Ahmed Deedat, taking him to great heights of scholarship and rewarding his life with the title of "Muslim Scholar of the Christian Bible".


Sheikh Ahmed Deedat will become an inspiration for millions, if not billions of Muslims across the world including Dr.Zakir Naik. It is sad that Dr.Naik down plays the role of Hanafi Ulema, who sacrificed their lives and saved millions of souls despite being branded as "Mullahs". It is so sad that he has not given the classical ulema the respect that they deserve; yet he enjoys his fame under the pretext of a doctoral title and as a "modern" forward thinking "scholar". He got his authentic seal from Sheikh Ahmed Deedat (rah) who possessed "ilm-Laduna" through the book of Maulana Kairanvi (rah). Dr.Naik would not be what he is today had he not drank from the fountain of knowledge flowing from stream of classical Ulema - who were in fact non other than from the "Deoband" school of Islamic scholarship.


Let me conclude with this very couplet I learned from my grandmother, who actually saw the great Muslim scholar Maulana Ashraf Ali Thanvi (rahmatullahi alayhi) in her teens. The couplet is:


"Baa Adab Baa Naseeb" (He / She that possess 'Adab' - etiquettes & respect - is very blessed)

"Bay Adab Bay Naseeb" (He / She that possess no 'Adab' is without blessing)


Zakir Naik and the Yazeed Dilemma

In summary, the Ahle-Sunnah-wal-Jamaa'a refrain from cursing Yazid Ibn Mu'awiyya; and this is also the position of Dr.Naik. This is the most balanced, correct and acceptable view.


On another note, this issue with Yazid bin Mua'aawiyah tends to remind a lot of people in from the Subcontinent about Abdul Ala'a Maududi's book in urdu titled, "Khilafaat-aur-Mulookiat" - Khilafah and Kingship. Mr.Maududi (acclaimed scholar and thinker) was praised by the Ulema until he raised his pen against Sayyidna Usman Ibn Affan (radhi Allaho anho) and called him "Khaain" - one who steals, or does not measure with equity. However, Maududi's book gave Shia's the boost they needed in accusing the Sahaba (radhi allahu anhu) of stealing, lying, cheating and political favortism (astaghfirullah). Anyway, if Usman Ibn Affan (radhi Allaho anho) is "khaain" then where does that leave us regarding the integrity of the Quran and the compilation of the Quran? The followers of Mr.Maududi feel insulted when he is challenged, yet no one feels insulted when the Sahaba Ikhraam are labeled "Khaain" (cheaters) - God Forbid. I would like to add that Justice Mufti Taqi Usmani has written a monumental book in the Urdu language titled, "Hazrat Mua'awiyya aur Tareekhi Haqaaiq" (available from http://www.albalagh.net/). This book is a response to Maududi's "Khilafat aur Mulukiat" and is an excellent reading on this very challenging subject.


I personally like Dr.Naik and appreciate his contributions and efforts. However, when it comes to the issue of Yazid, Dr Naik's organization has put out a clarification on "Youtube" and to ones surprise he has listed Darul Uloom Deoband at the top of his list. It is sad that on one hand Dr.Naik knows the reality of Ulema-of-Deoband, however, he insists on spreading ill feelings amongst his fans against "Deobandi" scholars! Here a very scholarly response from Scholars in South Africa: http://www.askimam.org/fatwa/fatwa.php?askid=e65dfd0bcc40c10cb8b82b808fc45dfd


Zakir Naik the second Muslim Group

In an oft quoted hadith, regarding the 73 sects in Islam , one finds many a scholar like Zakir Naik insisting that the four schools of thought and any Muslim following the research of the four illustrious jurists are sects in Islam. Conversely, he has argued that the rightly guided out of 73 are those following the Quran and Sahih hadith. To examine Dr.Naik's claim we have to look at two major groups of people in the world today:


1. Those who follow only the Quran but they reject the Sunnah; specifically the vast literature of Hadith. They claim that the Quran is enough and there is no need for Hadith. In their catechism (if I spelt the word right), they belief that the Quran is Absolute, it is the word of God, whereas the the Hadith is the word of man which is not absolute in its purity. By rejecting hadith they want to rid the world of the “inconsistencies” created by hadith. This group of people are rejectors of the Sunnah and not in the fold of Islam by all logical and Quranic evidence.


2. The second group are those who follow the Quran and Hadith but reject the Fiqh. They claim that the Quran and Hadith is enough, and that Fiqh is the reason for confusion. These people have gone so far as to brand the four schools of thought as the reason behind the disunity of this ummah. This group proudly claims that the word of the Prophet (SAW) has more value than the word of a fallible individuals - like the four Imaams. The problem with this rule is that Imaam Bukhari is also a fallible individual yet Dr.Naik follows Bukhari blindly and accepts all the narrators (who are also fallible individuals) blindly in the chain that links upto the Messenger of Allah (pbuh). But when it comes to trusting Imaam Abu Hanifa (or the other jurists who are Thiqa / Adil), suddenly the people following their investigation are branded as "Mushriks" and "Kafirs" and all the reason behind dividing the ummah into sects! Furthermore, Dr.Naik claims to follow the Quran (script of Hafs an-Asim al Kufi -another blind following) and Sahih ahadith trusting the research of Nasir-ud-Deen Albani, yet branding the following of Mujtahid Imaams as a misguided practice? When Dr.Naik follows someone blindly it is a guided practice, but if I follow Imaam Azam Abu Hanifa blindly, he categorizes me as a sect - doomed to Hell! So, there is no doubt that Naik's claim is erroneous and false. He is unable to show, nor will he ever be able to show till the day of judgement, a single hadith from Imaam Bukhari regarding the placing of hands during salaat (i.e., below, on or above the navel). This group of Muslims has created more confusion in the Ummah by blindly following their own teachers, lecturers and Imaams, yet, they continue to brand everyone else misguided for assuming such a position. Dr.Naik has taken established practices of Islam and rejected them; for example he insists on 8 rakaats of taraawih instead of 20. This group of Muslims always want the masses to focus on “daeef (weak)” vs“Sahih”, but they never tell the people the whole truth. For example, they never tell the people that there is not a single Sahih hadith in Bukhari or Muslim where the prophet (pbuh) uttered the words “Tarawih”. So, where did they get this word from? Well, their scholars took it from the four schools of thought but failed to tell the people that they have done so. Regarding the Hadith of Aisha (ra), Dr.Naik has created an erroneous interpretation that 8 rakaats when prayed in 11 regular months are called "Qiyamul-Layl (night prayer)", but when prayed during the month of ramadaan are called “Taraawih”. Now, if Dr.Naik is such a champion of following Sahih Hadith why can't he ever prove this claim; 8 in ramadhan equals Tarawih, 8 outside ramadhan equals qayamul layl - all from Sahih Hadith? Everyone is welcome to search this hadith, carefully read it and sincerely see for themselves the problem with Dr.Naik's interpretations / claims.


What it all boils down to is mass confusion created by these two groups that never tell people the whole truth. Yet they continue (without fear of Allah) to leverage their podiums in spreading bigotry, hate, mistrust and erroneous information. Another example is the Al-Maghrib institute in America, which has done a dis-service to Muslims in America by not really explaining the basis of Fiqh. By not explaining fiqh, and talking to people about “Usool-ul-Fiqh”; yet being rejectors of the four established schools of jurisprudence is an extremely dangerous position. I as a Muslim should be sincere and open to the people when explaining something, and letting people know my position. This allows others to understand my approach and correct me where I am wrong. But by playing Mickey Mouse games, hide and seek, charging people money, and passing out printed material that fails to cover 1/1000 of Fiqh, goes to show that there is something seriously wrong with such groups of Muslims.


Finally, before the need for another Fiqh can be suggested, we need someone that can explain the existing Fiqh as understood by the Jurists. For example the hadith on a fly falling into a cup of Milk is known to all Muslims. But this is the ONLY hadith. If someone where to ask Zakir Naik (and this is a challenge to him), “please could you show a hadith or ayat where if four ants fell in a cup of yogurt, whether one can remove the ants and eat the yogurt or not?” It is here that we find the intelligence of the Fuqahaa who derived from this hadith a list of insects. Ijtihaad in modern issues is necessary but the rules to base the ijtehaad have to come from the established four schools.


Zakir Naik going where Shk.Deedat didn't go!

It was 1991 when I picked up the phone and called South Africa. The person that answered on the other side was Sheikh Ahmed Deedat. After asking my age and where I was calling from, he said, "Assalam alaykum son, my only area of specialization is comparative religion. I am not an Imam, a sheikh that can answer questions related to fiqh / masail, nor am I am a Muhadith or a Quranic teacher; if you are seeking any services other than my area of expertise you have reached the wrong number." I assured him that my question was regarding "Christianity". On the other hand, Dr.Naik has suddenly shifted lanes from comparative religion to Fiqh; an area where he lacks understanding. His Ustaaz (teacher) the late Sheikh Ahmed Deedat (rahmatullahi alayhi) never delved into the arena of fiqh.


Dr.Naik has generated a series of videos and lectures blaming that the four schools of thought viz Hanafi, Maliki, Shafi and Hanbali are the reason behind the Muslim Ummah's disunity. In an effort to set the record straight he has offered following of the "Quran and Sahih Hadith" as the means to solving the problem. In regards to the four schools of thought he boldly quotes the statements of Aimma Mujtahideen that these great illustrious men absolved themselves by saying that if a sahih (authentic) hadith is found to contradict their madhab, then follow the Hadith. All pious people of Allah have taken great care in matters of deen by adding disclaimers to show their humility and piety (taqwa). A lesson for all of us to learn. All Dr.Naik had to do was to tell the viewers, listeners and readers what Allamah Hafiz Ibn Hajr has written in his book "Fathul Bari bi Sharh al Bukhari" that the statement of Imam Shafi, "Idhaa saahal hadith, fa huwa Madhabi" (if you find a sahih hadith than that is my madhab) has doubt (Shakh) in it. How can one prove in this time and age that a certain hadith reached Imam Abu Hanifa or not? To make this discussion painless, Hafiz ibn Hajar (ra) cites the example that Imam Malik has recorded two saheeh ahadeeth in his Muwatta regarding tying of hands during salaat. Eventhough, these ahadeeth reached Imam Malik and are recorded in his Muwatta, his practice on these ahaadeeth was quite different. Dr.Naik fails to explain this to his audience. Qadhi Sahnoon - a student of Malik (ra) - writes in Al-Mudawwanah that Imam Malik considered the practice of tying of hands during fardh salaat as"weak" (eventhough he has two sahih ahadeeth in his Muwatta). Dr.Naik boasts that he is a Hanafi, Maliki, Shafi and Hanbali according to the rule of "Idhaa saahal hadeeth fa huwa madhabi". However, one finds that the illustrious fuqahaa are being misquoted by Naik. Imaam Malik has recorded two sahih ahaadeth, yet his practice was that tying of hands is not a "Sahih" during obligatory prayers; rather a practice to be adopted during "Sunnah" and "Nawaafil". Is this the practice of Dr.Naik? No, he blindly follows Albani's research of placing hands on the chest. But now listen to Zakir Naik on this video link http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PGeGc0zSAlQ. Why did Dr.Naik keep all the facts away from the audience if his intention was to explain and elaborate a critical issue? However, he falsely claims that he is Maliki - watch the video! Not only that but Dr.Naik does not allow anyone to post any comments against this video on "youtube". Try posting a note that "cheers" him and then post something "opposing" him. The black and white of Dr.Naik's response will show you his extent of bias. He is quick in criticizing the Muslim masses yet not able to take criticism.


Verdicts About Dr Zakir Naik




(Fatwa: 1541/1322=B/1429)




The statements made by Dr Zakir Naik indicate that he is a preacher of Ghair Muqallidin, he is of free mind and does not wear Islamic dress. One should not rely upon his speeches.


Allah (Subhana Wa Ta'ala) knows Best


Darul Ifta,

Darul Uloom Deoband




(Fatwa: 352=363/B)




He seems Ghair Muqallid and his knowledge is not deep. Therefore, he is not reliable and Muslims should avoid listening to him.


Allah (Subhana Wa Ta'ala) knows Best


Darul Ifta,

Darul Uloom Deoband

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